26 Sep 2010

Who is Dilma Rousseff?

Daughter of Bulgarian businessman and poet Petar Russév (naturalized in Brazil as Pedro Rousseff) and the Brazilian professor Jane Dilma Silva, Dilma Vana Rousseff was born on December 14, 1947 in Belo Horizonte, in the state of Minas Gerais.
Descending from middle-class family, studied in the traditional College Sion, the Catholic orientation.

In 1964, while studying at Central State College (now State School Governor Milton Campos), began her militancy in Polop (Marxist Revolutionary Organisation - Policy Worker). That same year, the military coup occurred, already in 1967. In this meantime she married the journalist Cláudio Linhares Galen.
After Polop, joined “Colina” (Command of National Liberation) movement supporter of armed struggle. In 1969, she began living in hiding and was forced out of the economics classes at UFMG (Federal University of Minas Gerais), which had begun two years earlier.

Shortly thereafter, she split up from Galen and started living in Porto Alegre (RS) with the militant left-wing lawyer Carlos Araujo, who later would become a state representative. With him, Dilma had his only daughter, Paula Araújo Rousseff.
In July 1969, “Colina” and VPR (Popular Revolutionary Vanguard) joined together, creating the Armed Revolutionary Vanguard Palmares (Palmares-VAR). Despite having received guerrilla training, Dilma denies having participated in armed actions, while in hiding, she used several aliases, as “Estela”, “Luiza”, “Maria Lucia”, “Marina”, “Patricia” and “Wanda”.

In January 1970, was arrested in Sao Paulo and was held in Oban (Operation Bandeirantes), where she was tortured. In total, was sentenced to six years and one month in jail and had political rights revoked for ten years. However, she managed to reduce the sentence by the STM (Superior Military Court) and was released from prison in late 1972.

After living in Sao Paulo and Rio de Janeiro, Dilma settled in Porto Alegre, where she began working in 1975, for the FEE (Foundation for Economics and Statistics), an agency of state government. Two years later, she graduated in economics from the UFRGS (Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul), after being dismissed from the FEE to have your name included on a list of "subversives."

In the 1980s and 1990s, she served as governor of Rio Grande do Sul, the secretaries of Treasury and Energy, Mines and Communications, and the governments of Alceu Collares (PDT) and Dutra (PT). In 1989, she campaigned for the deceased Leonel Brizola (PDT), a presidential candidate; in the second round, supported Lula (PT). PDT was angered in 2001 when she joined the PT.

In 2003, she assumed the post of Minister of Mines and Energy of the Lula government. Dilma advocated a model that does not concentrate the entire industry in state hands, while the government sought to approach the market. The dialogue with the capital and the command of “Light for All” program were decisive for Dilma to become, in 2005, chief minister of the Civil House in place of Jose Dirceu - a friend of Lula and execrated by scandals of corruption.

Ahead of both ministries, has become known for having had a profile as centralising and technical as well as for its strong way of demanding services from ministers and advisers. For some of them, she is deemed as arrogant and authoritarian.
During his tenure, also gained popularity by being nominated by President Lula as manager of the PAC (Growth Acceleration Program).

In early 2009, was stricken with cancer of the lymphatic system and subjected to treatment. She was considered cured by the medical team in September of last year.
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