8 Oct 2014

Brazilian Election 2014: Who's the next President?

After a historical misleading by the Brazilian polling Institutes, two candidates will run for the most important job title in the country – the Presidency; they are the incumbent Dilma Rousseff (PT – Worker’s Party) and Mr. Aécio Neves (PSDB – Party of Brazilian Social Democracy). Only two days before the election, Aécio Neves was polling third and the candidate of the centrist Brazilian Socialist Party (PSB), Marina Silva, a popular former environment minister, was in second, in the first round. The final result arouse suspicion about the real intention of the polling Institutes towards the candidates.

Mr. Neves duly carried São Paulo state Brazil’s biggest, by 20 percent. This state is the richest in Brazil and ‘Paulistas’ – people who were born in the city – usually cast their votes to the candidates taking into consideration the economic situation of the country as well as corruption scandals, as a whole. The same occurs to the South and Southeast region in general. On the contrary, Ms. Rousseff got more votes in the Norht and Northeast regions where the level of education is below the standards and where the social programme “Bolsa Família”, a sort of food stamp help, is widely distributed to the poor.

As for Ms. Marina Silva, which during the political debates on TVs were fiercely attacked by Dilma Rousseff, has shown some endorsement towards Aecio Neves. Hailing from a humble background, she has   credibility among some Brazilians poor - something that the PSDB, regarded as the party of the riches, has lacked. The state she has had an expressive victory is Pernambuco, coincidently the state where ex-President Lula deemed as the “Brazilian Robin Hood” was born.

Now the battle front for the Presidency is widely open. Despite having more than eight million votes more, the President Dilma Rousseff will have to face a tough run off. With Marina’s support, Aécio Neves will feel more confident in getting votes from the ‘poor’, although he will have to work thrice more in the North and Northeast of the country.

For the economy and for the country as a whole, it would be better if Aécio won this election. The current government invested too many Brazilian money in Cuba and Venezuela, leaving aside the country’s main problems as education, health, transportation and security, for example. The candidate of PSDB is promising to invest in Brazil – something that ought to be deemed as normal in other instances – and it is what Brazilians need.

As for Dilma, her government has so many scandals of corruption, that it would be far better if she left the presidency for any other candidate but her.

On 26th October is the day that Brazilians will finally go to the polls to choose their future. There are only two options: a populist government who uses food stamp to remain in power or a government that promises change in the economy to bring the country back to growth.

We must wait and see.

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